24 October 2011

The configuration

Running FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE with GENERIC kernel.

Update: still works on 9 and 9.1

nss_mdns is a port of nss-mdns for FreeBSD. It adds support for mDNS address resolution system-wide through the use of a name service switch plugin. Here is the simplest configuration:

  • install avahi (mDNS implementation) and nss-mdns using ports
    # cd /usr/ports/net/avahi
    # make install
    # cd /usr/ports/dns/nss_mdns
    # make install

    and make appropriate configuration changes

  • in /usr/local/etc/avahi/avahi-daemon.conf
  • in /etc/rc.conf
  • in /etc/nsswitch.conf
      hosts: files mdns dns

The problem

IPv6 is configured on all interfaces and no global prefix is defined. We only have linklocal addresses. mDNS resolution works fine, but ping6 fails miserably, even when specifying the outgoing interface.

bsd1# RES_OPTIONS=inet6 getent hosts bsd2.local
fe80::a00:27ff:fef4:c55d  bsd2.local
bsd1# ping6 bsd2.local
ping6: UDP connect: Device not configured
bsd1# ping6 -I em0 bsd2.local
ping6: UDP connect: Device not configured

This is not a routing problem, we would have Network is unreachable in this case, but an interface / scope id problem.

The bug

Even option -I in ping6 would not change anything. And when tracing down the scope id used, it turned out to be 673273636! Obviously, there is no such device configured. (cf. ping6.c:966 src.sin6_scope_id and dst.sin6_scope_id1)

The problem is in bsdnss.c where the address is copied in sin6_addr with a way to long length, ai->ai_addrlen, where it should be sizeof(struct in6_addr).

The quick fix and dirty enhancement

With this fixed, no more device not configured, but still a network unreachable. Although, using ping6 -I works nicely now. But it would be great to have the scope id filled in the data structure, which is possible at low cost, since avahi returns this information, the second field in the reply below.

bsd1# nc -U /var/run/avahi-daemon/socket
+ 2 1 bsd2.local fe80::a00:27ff:fef4:c55d

A simple and dirty patch in query.h to add the scope_id to the data structure (we can do that safely, even if it is very ugly, because the buffer mallocated at nss.c:307 is huge), avahi.c to fill this info, and bsdnss.c to fill the struct sockaddr_in6 when we have a linklocal address, and that’s it. Things work nicely now:

# ping6 bsd2.local
PING6(56=40+8+8 bytes) fe80::a00:27ff:fe9d:5a8f%em1 --> fe80::a00:27ff:fef4:c55d%em1
16 bytes from fe80::a00:27ff:fef4:c55d%em1, icmp_seq=0 hlim=64 time=0.329 ms
16 bytes from fe80::a00:27ff:fef4:c55d%em1, icmp_seq=1 hlim=64 time=0.657 ms
--- bsd2.local ping6 statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 packets received, 0.0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max/std-dev = 0.329/0.493/0.657/0.164 ms

The patch

This fix and enhancement were made only for the FreeBSD port, based on release-0.10.

  • git diff on branch release-0.10 (not needed if you use the port)
  • patch-src_AAA-nss-mdns-linklocal.diff patch file for the FreeBSD port: this patch was made so that it can be applied before the port patches without problems (hence the stupid name)
    • copy this file in /usr/ports/dns/nss_mdns/files
    • make install (deinstall before if needed)